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Peripheral Arterial Disease

Vascular Disease and Treatment

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Peripheral artery disease (PAD), or peripheral arterial disease, is a narrowing of the arteries delivering blood to your arms, legs, head and stomach. PAD most commonly affects arteries of the legs. The most common symptoms of PAD include cramping, tiredness, or pain in the hip or leg muscles with walking or exertion. Symptoms often disappear with rest.

Arterial disease affects the arteries carrying oxygen-rich blood to the far reaches of the body. One type of arterial disease is peripheral artery disease, or PAD, which is the narrowing of the arteries that delivers blood to your arms, legs, head and stomach. 

Signs and symptoms of arterial disease in the lower legs include:

  • Pain, numbness, aching or heaviness in the legs during activity
  • Weak or absent pulses in your feet or legs
  • Sores or wounds on the toes, feet or legs that heal slowly
  • Pale skin or bluish color

Common causes of arterial disease:

  • Age
  • Gender (males are at greater risk than females)
  • High Cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Lack of exercise
  • Family history of vascular disease

Arterial disease affects the arteries carrying oxygen-rich blood to the far reaches of the body. One type of arterial disease is peripheral artery disease, or PAD, which is the narrowing of the arteries that delivers blood to your arms, legs, head and stomach.

Certain people are at higher risk of developing PAD and other arterial diseases. PAD is more common in African-Americans than in other racial or ethnic groups. Other risk factors include smoking, older age, and having certain conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and metabolic syndrome.

People who smoke and those with diabetes have the highest risk of developing complications associated with arterial disease. These conditions interfere with the already poor circulation of blood to the legs.

One of the most serious complications of arterial disease is tissue death, known as gangrene, which can lead to amputation and loss of the leg. The severity of arterial disease varies between patients, with 1 to 2 percent of PAD patients developing severe critical limb ischemia (CLI). In this severe arterial disease, symptoms continue even while the patient is at rest. Approximately 40 percent of those with CLI require amputation of the affected leg.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Arterial Disease

When a general practitioner suspects arterial disease, the clinician may refer you to Sound Vascular for an ultrasound and consultation. If your ultrasounds are positive for arterial disease, the surgeons at Sound Vascular will recommend appropriate treatment depending on the severity of your arterial disease. Treatment options start with an angiogram, to determine the severity of the blockage in your arteries. If the surgeon thinks it is appropriate, he will treat the blockage with an atherectomy, stent, or an angioplasty. Treatment options for arterial disease are minimally invasive and all provided at our conveniently located out patient facility in Federal Way.

At Sound Vascular we can provide ultra sound, consult, diagnostic, and treatment services all in one location. This ensures prompt treatment for vein and artery disorders that worsen with time.

If you or your doctor thinks you have artery or vein disease, make an appointment with Sound Vascular & Vein. We are conveniently located at 32014 32nd Ave. S. in Federal Way, WA.
 

At Sound Vascular we offer a number of advanced treatment options for vein disease. The most common treatment option for varicose veins and chronic venous insufficiency is Endovenous Thermal Ablation (EVTA). This is a minimally invasive, image-guided procedure. The treatment utilizes high-frequency radio waves that are directed throughout a thin tube to create intense heat within the varicose vein. This closes up the problematic vessel so blood cannot flow through it, redirecting blood flow into healthy veins. Other treatment options we offer at Sound Vascular are sclerotherapy, to treat spider veins, and a phlebectomy, involving the complete removal of the diseased veins.

Our mission is to provide superior medical care in a compassionate manner, all in a warm and inviting outpatient setting.

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